of Kilmanaheen, Kilasbuglenane, Kilmacreehy, Kileilagh and Kilmoon
Appendix No. 1:
from a Manuscript found among the papers of the late Laurence Healy of
Ennistymon, an old School-master, and extracted by him, from some of the
works of Hugh M’Curtin.
second son of Oliol Olum, succeeded, as king of Leath-Mogh, anno Christi
183. He was one of the three best champions of Ireland in his time. He
forced tribute and hostages from the Isles of Britain 30 times, and settled
the revenues in Munster in such a manner, that the king could not be defrauded
nor the subject oppressed.
Lamaria, daughter of Fion M’Cumhail, the famous general of the Irish
militia, was his wife.
Mocorbus, king of Munster, anno Christi 204. He fought the great battle
of Gabhra against Cairbre Liffichair Monarch of Ireland, where the Militia
and 28,000 men were slain. In this battle the celebrated Irish champions
called Fionaiv Erion, after incredible acts of valour, lost their lives,
and soon after this prince was murdered at La-Mis in the county of Kerry,
by the king of Connaught.
Torcorbus king of Munster, anno Christi 232; Eaneas Tireach, king of Munster,
anno Christi 290, he married the daughter of Fiocha Strathbhuine, monarch
Lugadius Mean, king of Munster, anno Christi 298. He conquered the country
now called the county of Clare, and separated it from Connaught and joined
it to Munster.
Connoll of the swift horses, king of Munster, anno Christi 319. He was
a very brave and generous prince, and so highly favoured by Criomhthain,
Monarch of Ireland of the Heberian line, that he gave him and his heirs
for ever the sovereignty of the two provinces of Munster, which grant
being contrary to the settlement made by Oliol Olum, the nobility of south
Munster complained of the injustice to Conoll, who generously resigned
the crown to Corc, descended from Eagan Og, eldest son of Oliol Ollum.
King of Munster, anno Christi 343, from whom the famous tribe of the Dalgassians
are named and descended. They were called otherwise Clan Fail, and were
the best defenders of the nation for above 300 years, as may appear by
their wonderful and heroic exploits against the Danes and Norwegians.
had 12 sons, from some of whom sprung the following families:
the eldest, from whom descended the illustrious families of the O’Brians,
Macmahons, O’Kennedy’s, O’Kenny’s &c.
2. Caisin, second son, from whom sprung the noble families of the Macnamaras,
3. Eocha Dealbhuine, from whom the noble family of the Coughlains of Delvin
4. Deagh, from whom sprung the O’Deas, who were formerly of very
consequence, and the M’Brodys, historians and antiquarians to the
king of Thomond, comprehending the counties of Clare, Limerick and Tipperary.
He was converted to the Christian faith by St. Patrick, in the year of
of Muster, A. C. 465.
of Thomond, A. C. 520.
sirnamed the mild
of Munster, A. C. 561.
of Thomond, A. C. 612.
of Munster, A. C. 653.
of Thomond, A. C. 694.
of Munster, A. C. 735.
of Munster, A. C. 776.
of Munster, A. C. 819.
of Munster, A. C. 860.
of Munster, A. C. 902.
his son Donchuan sprung the noble family of the O’Kennedys princes
of Ormond in Ireland, and the earls of Cassilis in Scotland, and from
his son Eagheirin came the family of the Magraths.
Borovey, king of Munster 12 years, king of Leaghmogha 36 years, and monarch
of Ireland 12 years. He began
reign of Munster
reign of Leagh Moghadh
his reign over all Ireland
He was, without contradiction, the best prince that ever
reigned in Ireland, and may be justly compared to any prince that ever
lived. He fought 25, battles, other authors affirm 50, against his foreign
and domestic enemies, in all of which he was victorious.
Then, having established tranquillity in the kingdom, unknown to most
of his predecessors, he set about reforming the state, which was in great
confusion, occasioned by the frequent wars with the Danes.
In the first place, he gave magnificent presents to the grandees, and
confirmed them in their privileges; which had that happy effect that it
secured them in their loyalty.
He then rebuilt and repaired the churches and monasteries the Danes had
destroyed, particularly the metropolitan church of Ardmagh, the cathedral
church of Killaloe, the church of Carmin in the Island of Inniscaltragh,
and the church of Tomgreany, which he made one of the richest prebends
in the kingdom. Having settled religion on its ancient footing, he repaired
the public schools, erected new academics, and made provision for young
persons that thirsted after learning, but were unable to support themselves;
by which means the sciences were restored, which had been almost banished
out of the nation by the Danes.
likewise shared his bounty; for he bestowed on the most deserving of them
the lands he had taken from the Danes, if the original proprietors were
not alive, of whom such as survived and could prove their right were put
in possession of their former estates. He also erected forts in several
places in the kingdom, into which he put strong garrisons; he caused the
public roads to be repaired, and bridges to be built over rivers and deep
waters; he revised laws, purged them of all corruptions, and caused them
to be executed with so much rigour, that a handsome young woman, (as recorded)
travelled alone the whole length of Ireland, with only a wand in her hand,
and a ring of great value fixed on the top of it, without the least molestation.
He also appointed sirnames of distinction to all the branches of the Milesian
race, and regulated the precedency of the nobility in the general assemblies;
and would allow no person to bear arms in his court but the Dalgassians.
and illustrious prince, together with four of his sons, viz. Morogh and
his only son, Connor, Daniel and Flan, were killed in the battle of Clontarf,
on Good Friday, the 22nd of April, 1034, being the 88th year of his age;
in which battle a termination was put to the Danes in Ireland. Of this
monarch’s two surviving sons, Teig, the elder, was treacherously
murdered soon after his father’s death, and Donogh, the third son,
in some years after mounted the throne and reigned 40 years; in whose
reign Harrold son of earl Goodwin, and afterwards king of England, fled
into Ireland for the murder of prince Edgar, presumptive heir to the English
crown. He was accompanied by his sister Driella, a lady of great beauty,
whom Donogh, being then a widower in the 57th year of his age, married,
and had a son by her named Daniel; from whom, according to Bruodinus,
sprung the noble families of the Powers, Plunkets, and Eustaces. By his
former wife he had a son named Morogh, of the short shield: from whom
descended the noble family of the O’Briens, princes of Cuonach and
Atherlagh. At last the prince Donogh resigned the crown to Terlagh O’Brien,
his brother Teig’s son, and went to Rome, and spent the remainder
of his life in great austerity and devotion, and dying in the 88th year
of his age, was buried in the abbey of St. Stephen.
second son of Bryan Boroimhe, was a prince of many virtues, but was murdered,
as already mentioned.
Terlagh O’Brien, monarch of Ireland 12 years, anno Christi 1092.
He died in June 1104, and on account of his great piety was reputed a
saint. He was a great benefactor to the churches of Cashel and Killaloe.
He made a present of as much Irish oak as roofed Westminster Abbey to
William Rufus, king of England; he married Dubhcava, the king of Ossory’s
daughter, by whom he had two sons, Mortaugh and Dermott.
Mortagh the elder succeeded him in the monarchy, and reigned gloriously
20 years. He caused a rich, new crown to be made, with which he was solemnly
crowned at Tara in the first year of his reign. He built and endowed the
famous abbey of St. Hilarius, at a place called ever since the Living
Island, from him descended in a right line the noble family of the Macmahons
in Thomond; who were remarkable for valour, hospitality, and other commendable
qualities for many generations.
king of Munster, anno Christi 1124; the married Sabina, daughter of Teig
M’Carthy of south Munster.
Terlagh O’Brien, king of Munster, built the abbey of Ennisleunaght,
for Monks of the order of St. Benedict, in 1150. He routed Terlagh O’Connor
monarch of Ireland, at Ardfionan, where O’Flaherty prince of west
Connaught, and O’Hyne prince of Fiachra, were slain together with
the greatest part of the monarch’s army, &c.
Daniel O’Brien, king of Limerick and Cashel, married the king of
Leinster’s daughter. He voluntarily submitted to Henry II. of England,
in 1172. Roderick O’Connor, king of Connaught and Monarch of all
Ireland, was the cause of this submission; who, instead of marching against
the English invaders, under Strongbow, entered Munster with sword and
fire, but was shamefully routed by this prince, who was so greatly provoked
at this monarch’s conduct, that upon king Henry’s landing
at Waterford, he submitted to him; notwithstanding which submission the
English, under Harvey De Montemarisco, invaded his dominions; whom he
routed near Cashell, killing 1100 of his men on the spot. They entered
his territories a second time, but were defeated near Clonmell, with the
loss of 700 men. They made several other inroads but were always defeated
by him, which put an end to all their foolish attempts upon North Munster
during his life. The Danes of Limerick having betrayed the town to the
English, he stormed it, and put all the Danes to the sword, and burned
the city to the ground. This prince built and endowed the following churches
1. The abbey
of Clare for Canons Regular, in the County of Clare.
2. The abbey of Canon Island in the Shannon, in the County of Clare.
3. The abbey of Inchicronan for Canons Regular, in the County of Clare.
4. The abbey of Killowen for Augustinian Nuns, in the County of Clare.
5. The abbey of Corcomroe for Cistercians, in the County of Clare.
6. The abbey of Kilshanny for Cistercians, in the County of Clare.
7. The abbey of St. Augustin Nuns, in Limerick
8. The abbey of Augustinian Nuns, in Limerick.
9. The abbey of Nenagh, in the county of Limerick
10. The abbey of Kilcoole, in the county Limerick.
11. The abbey of Odorney, in the county of Kerry.
12. The famous abbey of Holy Cross, in the county of Tipperary, where
he placed a piece of our Saviour’s cross, in a gold box, enriched
with precious stones, which piece was a present from Pope Paschal II.
to Mort. More O’Brien, Monarch of Ireland, in the year 1110. This
abbey was visited yearly by several thousands of people from all parts
of Ireland, England and Scotland, until the suppression of abbeys by Henry
VIII. of England.
13. The abbey on the river Suir for Cistercians.
14. The abbey of Ennisleunaght, going to decay, he re-built, and gave
it to Cistercians (I don’t know where this lies.)
15. The abbey in Limerick which Sir James Ware (being misinformed) says
was built by one Simon a Citizen there.
16. The metropolitan church of Cashil, also going to decay. He built it
new from the foundation, and converted the old church to a chapel-house.
He built with royal magnificence the church of St. Mary’s, in Limerick,
in the year 1194; his charter of which church, both Ware and Brodinus
give us in the following words:—
O’Brien, King of Limerick, to all the faithful of God, present and
to come, greeting, know ye that I have given to Brictius, Bishop of Limerick,
and his successors, and to the clergy at St. Mary’s, of Limerick,
in free and perpetual alms, the lands of Imurgran, and the land of Ivannachan,
from the arch of Imurgran to the land of Imalin, and from the ford of
Kinough to the river Shannon, with all its appurtenances, and in confirmation
hereof I set my seal.
Archbishop of Cashil,
sirnamed Cairbreach, King of Thomond, was a very devout Prince, who, according
to the chronicles of the M’Brodys, built eighty abbeys, churches
and chapels, some of which are these following:—
1. The abbey
of Ennis, for Franciscans, in 1208, in the choir of which he built a tomb
of black marble, which was formerly the burying-place of the illustrious
family of Inchiquin. In the same choir is the beautiful tomb of the noble
family of the M’Mahons, erected by Maude M’Mahon, heiress
of the house of Clonderalaw, who, at her own charges, built and endowed
seven parish churches.
2. An abbey on the town of Rathkeale, where the Earl of Desmond afterwards
built another abbey.
3. An abbey on the Maig, in the county of Limerick.
4. The abbey of Galbally, in the county of Tipperary.
5. The abbey of Kilcoole, in 1209.
6. The abbey of St. Dominic, in Limerick, in 1227, in the choir of which
he was buried in 1241.
7. He bestowed on the church of Cashel two islands, the one called Sulleith,
and the other Kismacaill, which donation was confirmed by King John in
8. He instituted a seminary for learning in Clounrode, in the county of
Clare, where, according to Hugh M’Curtin and other authors, 600
scholars, and a great number of monks were constantly maintained at the
proper charges of the princely family of the O’Briens, until the
dissolution of abbeys by Henry VIIIth of England.
9. He built and fortified the castle of Clare, which, together with the
county, took its name from a bridge of planks built over the river Fergus,
and not from Richard de Clare (Clar, pronounced with the A broad, is the
Irish for a plank or board), as some people ignorantly affirm.
O’Brien, Prince of Thomond, sent large sums of money to Germany,
sufficient to build the abbey of Ratisbon for Irish monks of the order
of St. Augustine, the chronicles of which abbey style him King of Ireland.
Teig O’Brien, sirnamed Caoluisge was Prince of Thomond 28 years;
he was the most powerful man in Ireland in his time. He married Phinola,
daughter of Kennedy, son of Morrogh Na Nagh, son to Bryan dall O’Brien,
prince of Conach and Atherlach, and from his brother Bryan Roe sprang
the noble family of the O’Briens, Princes of Dutharra, in the county
Terlagh O’Brien, Prince of Thomond 23 years, married Sabina, daughter
of Cumeamore M’Namara, Prince of Clancallain. He joined his troops
with the forces of O’Dea of Dysart, and O’Connor of Corcomroe,
and defeated the Duke of Clarence in the battle of Dysert, where the Duke,
his only son, and the greatest part of his army, were slain. It was this
Prince that built the castle of Clonrode, where he usually resided. He
also built the abbey of Quin at his own expence.
Mortagh O’Brien, Prince of Thomond, married the daughter of the
Earl of Desmond.
Matthew O’Brien, Prince of Thomond, married Anne, daughter of Felix
O’Connor, sirnamed the Generous Prince of Corcomroe, from his brother
Cornelius, descended from the noble family of the O’Brien’s
Prince of Thomond, married the daughter of Loghlen McNamara, Prince of
Clancallain; he was called Bran Cath an aonaig, from a bloody battle he
fought at Nenagh in Ormond, where he took the Earl of Desmond prisoner.
Terlagh O’Brien, Prince of Thomond, married the daughter of MacWalter
Burke, Lord of Borros O’Liach in the county of Tipperary.
Teige O’Brien, Prince of Thomond, married the daughter of William
Burke, Lord of Connaught, by whom he had seven sons, &c.
Terlagh O’Brien, Prince of Thomond married the daughter of John
McNamara, Prince of Clancallain, by whom he had two sons, Cornelius and
Morrogh, from Cornelius sprung the Earls of Thomond, the families of Ennistymond,
Bealacorick, &c. and from Morrogh descended the Earl of Inchiquin
and the families of Leimeneich. The first Prince of Clancallain, was Cumeamore
McNamara, who built the abbey of Quinn in the county of Clare, and was
on that account created a Prince by then Pope?but neither that nor any
other title was ever confirmed to him or to his descendants by the King
of England. Terlagh O’Brien, at the request of Henry VIII. relinquished
the title of Prince of Thomond and accepted the Earldom in lieu of it.
Why he did not compound for the Dukedom I never could find out. From this
period, and not before, the King of England was recognized King of Ireland.
first Earl of Thomond for life, (as Tanist) married the daughter of the
Knight of Glynn, by whom he had two sons, viz. Dermot, first Lord Baron
of Inchiquin, and Donogh O’Brien of Leimeneich. O the daughters,
Margaret the elder was married to the Earl of Clanrickard, and the younger
to Daniel More O’Brien of Dough, ancestor of Edward O’Brien
of Ennistymon and James O’Brien, his brother of Ennis, Esqrs.
first Lord Baron of Inchiquinn, married Margaret, daughter of Donogh O’Brien,
second Earl of Thomond.
Morogh O’Brien, second Lord Baron of Inchiquin, married Margaret,
daughter of Sir Thomas Cusack, Lord High Chancellor, and one of the Lords
Justices of Ireland.
Morogh O’Brien, third Lord Baron of Inchiquin, married Annabella
Nugent, daughter of Lord Delvin.
Dermot O’Brien, fourth Lord Baron of Inchiquin, married the daughter
and heiress of Sir Edmond Fitzgerald of Ballymulloe in the county of Cork,
Baronet, by whom he had two sons, Morogh, first Earl of Inchiquin, and
General Mortogh O’Brien, who after the reduction of Ireland by Cromwell,
maintained a mountain war against his generals for a whole year, and at
last obtained articles, and transported his army to Spain.
first Earl and fifth Lord Baron of Inchiquin, of whom it may be justly
said that his actions were so many victories, he married the daughter
of Sir William Saint Leger, Lord President of Munster, by whom he had
issues as follows:?
O’Brien, second Earl of Inchiquin.
2. Colonel John O’Brien, who died without issue.
3. Lady Elizabeth, married to Sir Thomas Southwel of Castlemattress, in
the County of Limerick, Baronet.
4. Lady Honora, married to Henry Stonghton of Rathoe, in the county of
5. Another daughter married to Colonel Zanchy. This noble Lord fought
and won many battles, among which were, 1. The battle of Liscarrol, in
1642, where the famous Oliver Stephenson was killed. 2. A battle against
the Lord Viscount Mountgarret, where he also was victorious. From this
Morogh O’Brien, the present Marquis of Thomond is lineally descended.
ARTICLE respecting the O’Brien family, taken from the Rolls of Henry
VIII. may be considered an interesting conclusion to the foregoing extract
articles and condicons which O’Brene dide promise duely to obs’ve
at soche time as he made his submission to the Kinge’s majestie.”
he doth utterly forsake and refuse the name of O’Brene, and all
claymes which he might pretend by the same, and pmiseth to name hym self
fore ever hereafter by soche name as it shall please the Kinge’s
ma’ie to give unto hym.”
The said O’Brene, his heires and assignes, and ev’re othere
the inhabito’es of soche landes as it shall please the Kinge’s
ma’ie to give unto hym, shall use thenglishe habites and maner,
and to there knowledge thenglishe language, and they and ev’re of
them shall to there power bring up there children after thenglishe manner,
and in thuse of thenglishe tonge.”
The said O’Brene, his heires and assignes, shall kepe and put soche
of the saide landes as shal be mete for tillage in manuraunce and tillige
of husbandry, and cawse houses to be made and bylded for soche psons as
shall be necessary for the manuraunce thereof within soche time as he
The said O’Brene, his heyres and assignes, nor any of them, shall
take, put, or cesse, or cause to be taken, put, or cessed, in any maner,
imposition or charge upon the k’s subjects inhabitors of the said
landes, other then there yerlie rent or custome, but soche as the deputie
shal be contented with all, and that no man of them shall any galloglass
or herne but soche so many, and after soche maner, sorte and tyme as shall
stonde with the contentacon of the said deputie and counsell.”
That the said O’Brene, his heires and assignes, and ev’ie
of them shalbe obedient to the k’s ma’ties lawes, and aunswere
to his highness writtes, p’cepts, and commandements in his castell
of Dublin, or in any other place where his cortes shall be kepte, and
his grace’s laws ministered, and do what in them is to cause all
thinhabitaunts of the same to do, the semblable, or else they shall bring
them if they may to justice.”
The said O’Bren, his heires and assigns, and ev’y of them
for the tyme beinge, shaull aunswere and go with the kinge’s lieutenante
for deputie to all soche ostings rodes and cornay where unto they shal
be warned and assigned in that after soche maner and with soche nombre
of company as the marchers of the county of Dublin doo.”
That the saide O’Brene his heires and assignes ne any of them shall
mainteine or socor, receive or take to socor any of the kinge’s
enemes rebelles or traitors.”
The said O’Brene shall hold his landes by one hole knightes ffees.”
John Allen, Chauncel’.
“James om Buss.”
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